|Abstract: ||The Church in its teaching has to a greater extent been focused on the preparation of the fiancés to enter into the sacramental marriage. In recent years this kind of preparation for the marriage has been of particular importance, especially in the light of the growing impact of the secular attitudes and models of the marriage and family life which are opposed to the God’s plan on the marriage and family. The teaching of the Church raises the question of the fiancés’ motives to enter into the sacramental marriage as well as of the state of their preparation for the sacrament. The aim of this dissertation was to present the Church’s recommendations for entering into the sacramental marriage, to show the actual motives of the fiancés who enter into the sacramental marriage and to present the pastoral conclusions and requirements which regard the preparation of the fiancés. The leading method used in this dissertation is the paradigm analysis of the pastoral theology. The normative part of the dissertation presents the Church’s recommendations for entering into the sacramental marriage. Among these there are the anthropological motives, religious motives, moral obligations and legal requirements for those who want to enter into the sacramental marriage. The second part of the dissertation, which presents the implemented model of the motives for entering into the sacramental marriage, consists of one chapter devoted to the research methodology and three chapters presenting the empirical research process and results. The survey was conducted in May and June 2012 among 386 engaged couples (772 people) from 13 Polish dioceses. In the typology of motives two separate aspects such as: the motive for entering into the sacramental marriage and the choice of the future spouse, were taken into account. Both kinds of motives were divided into a few categories. The distinguished motives were the anthropological, psychological, religious, moral, social and domestic, cultural and legal ones. The survey results indicate that the engaged people highly value the moral and anthropological motives for entering into the sacramental marriage and choosing the spouse while the religious motives are of a slightly lower value. The less valued motives are the cultural and legal ones, and the lowest in value are the domestic and social motives. Generally speaking, those who took part in the survey recognise a slightly higher value of the motives for choosing the sacramental marriage than the motives for the choice of the spouse. For the engaged women, the religious and moral motives are of greater value. The appreciation of both kinds of motives clearly differentiates the attitudes of the survey participants towards faith and shows that a greater number of motives is valued by those deeply religious and practicing, fewer by those whose faith is weak and who practice less, and the fewest by those of weak faith or atheists. The appreciation of the greater number of motives declines among those engaged people who grow in age and education. Among the fiancés, high correlations were obtained for religious, domestic and social motives, the average correlations were obtained for the moral and psychological motives while the lowest were for the legal and cultural motives.
The third part of the dissertation, which presents the postulated model, contains a number of the pastoral conclusions and requests for those who prepare the future spouses. This part indicates the importance of the support which should be given to the fiancés so that they could acquire the full maturity for marriage, emphasising the importance of the pastoral care for the religious formation of the fiancés and the possibility to strengthen their moral attitudes. Finally, it focuses on the need and the ways of appreciation of the social and cultural motives and the legal requirements for those who want to enter into the sacramental marriage. The results obtained in the research helped to formulate a number of demands for the pastoral care of the family, and to indicate the further research perspectives.|