Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12153/1931
Title: Przystosowanie i opór żeńskich zgromadzeń zakonnych wobec władz komunistycznych w Polsce. Zarys problemu
Authors: Mirek, Agata
Keywords: zgromadzenia zakonne; congregations; Kościół; the church; zakonnica; nuns; komunizm; Communist regime
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Studia z Prawa Wyznaniowego, 2012, T. 15
Abstract: From 1944 when Poland was under the communism rule two kinds of attitudes existed in Polish society – adaptation and resistance. Affirmation, adjustment, resistance and opposition – those attitudes were appearing at the same time and were related to each other. Anti-communist resistance in People’s Republic of Poland applied to every class and group of society. The resistance was especially directed into a restrict feature limiting freedom to profess religion, damaging a value of national tradition or limiting freedom to speech and beliefs. In August 1949 “ A decree of protection of freedom of conscience and denomination” was issued. Technically this document, was meant to create a lawful guarantee of freedom of denominations in Poland. In reality, some of the regulations were used by the different authorities to both make Church’s life more difficult and to repress clergy and secular people. The Catholics in Poland were treated as a second category citizens (limited with their capability to get promotion, even if they kept a loyal attitude) but nuns were treated even worst as a third category citizens, being continuously pushing to the dregs of social life, without not only any chance to get promotion but also without the fundamental rights and freedom guarantee to every Poles by the Constitution.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12153/1931
Appears in Collections:Artykuły naukowe (WNH)

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