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- ItemVitamin B12-Enriched Yarrowia lipolytica Biomass Obtained from Biofuel Waste(Springer, 2020) Jach, Monika Elżbieta; Masłyk, Maciej; Juda, Marek; Sajnaga, Ewa; Malm, AnnaThe aim of the study was to obtain vitamin B12-enriched biomass of non-conventional yeast Yarrowia lipolytica A-101. The cultivations were performed on waste from biofuel production in aerobic conditions at different temperatures (20–30 °C) and pH values (4.0–7.0) of the medium, with and without the addition of cobalt, L-methionine, molybdenum, δ-aminolevulinic acid, and niacin. A temperature of 30 °C and pH between 5 and 6 were the optimal conditions for obtaining B12-enriched yeast biomass on biofuel waste. In such conditions, Y. lipolytica A-101 contained 9 µg of vitamin B12 per 100 g of dried biomass. The addition of the ingredients mentioned above to the medium did not exert a significant effect on the B12 concentration. Y. lipolytica are able to accumulate this vitamin from the medium in a similar manner to animal cells. Additionally, it should be noted that the dried biomass of Y. lipolytica appeared to be safe for consumption. Taken together, these data showed that Y. lipolytica can be used as a nutritional supplement to increase the intake of vitamin B12, especially at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency.
- ItemStatistical evaluation of growth parameters in biofuel waste as a culture medium for improved production of single cell protein and amino acids by Yarrowia lipolytica(Springer, 2020) Jach, Monika Elżbieta; Baj, Tomasz; Juda, Marek; Świder, Robert; Mickowska, Barbara; Malm, AnnaYarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous yeast species with the ability to grow on a number of substrates types, especially industrial wastes. This paper concerns the statistical optimization of fermentation parameters and media to ensure consistent and improved Y. lipolytica protein production. A strain of Y. lipolytica A-101 was observed to be proﬁcient in producing single cell protein, amino acids, and vitamin B12 while utilizing biofuel waste instead of a complete YPD medium for yeast growth. A fractional fractal design experiment was then applied, and the two fermentation param- eters of temperature and pH were recognized to have a signiﬁcant eﬀect on the protein and amino acid production. Subsequently, the response surface methodology with a three-level complete factorial design was employed to optimize these inﬂuential parameters. Therefore, ﬁve diﬀerent measuring systems were utilized to construct a quad- ratic model and a second-order polynomial equation. Optimal levels of parameters were then obtained by analysis of the model and the numerical optimization method. When the Y. lipolytica A-101 was cultivated at optimized pH (5.0) using biofuel waste as a medium, the protein concentration was increased to 8.28—a 44% enhancement as com- pared to the original (3.65). This study has thus demonstrated a beneﬁcial way to cultivate Y. lipolytica A-101 on biofuel waste for enhanced production of single cell protein and amino acids for use in human diet and in animal feed.
- ItemBradyrhizobia associated with Laburnum anagyroides, an exotic legume grown in Poland(Springer, 2020) Sajnaga, Ewa; Jach, Monika ElżbietaWe isolated 18 rhizobial strains from root nodules of a leguminous shrub Laburnum anagyroides (common laburnum) grown in Southeast Poland as an exotic plant. With the use of BOX-PCR fingerprinting, the isolates were clustered into 2 main groups and one separate lineage, which was congruent with the ITS-RFLP results. The phylogenetic trees constructed based on 16S rRNA and combined atpD, dnaK, glnA, and recA gene sequence data separated the representative strains into three evolutionary lineages within the Bradyrhizobium jicamae supergroup, with Bradyrhizobium algeriense and Bradyrhizobium valentinum as the closest relatives. The nodA and nifH gene phylogenies proved that the L. anagyroides symbionts carry a symbiotic gene variant known as Clade IV, representing the symbiovar retamae. Phenotypic characteristics of the isolates and reference strains are also reported. Our study of the rhizobia nodulating L. anagyroides growing in Poland complements earlier few findings on the symbiotic associations of this Genisteae species.
- ItemProduction of enriched in B vitamins biomass of Yarrowia lipolytica grown in biofuel waste(Elsevier, King Saud University, 2021) Jach, Monika Elżbieta; Sajnaga, Ewa; Janeczko, Monika; Juda, Marek; Kochanowicz, Elżbieta; Baj, Tomasz; Malm, AnnaYarrowia lipolytica as an oleaginous yeast is capable of growing in various non-conventional hydrophobic substrate types, especially industrial wastes. In this study, the content of thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), biotin (vitamin B7) and folic acid (vitamin B9) in the wet biomass of Y. lipolytica strains cultivated in biofuel waste (SK medium), compared to the standard laboratory YPD medium, was assessed. Additionally, the biomass of Y. lipolytica A-101 grown in biofuel waste (SK medium) was dried and examined for B vitamins concentration according to the recommended microbial methods by AOAC Official Methods. The mean values of these vitamins per 100 g of dry weight of Y. lipolytica grown in biofuel waste (SK medium) were as follows: thiamine 1.3 mg/100 g, riboflavin 5.3 mg/100 g, pyridoxine 4.9 mg/100 g, biotin 20.0 µg/100 g, and folic acid 249 µg/100 g. We have demonstrated that the dried biomass is a good source of B vitamins which can be used as nutraceuticals to supplement human diet, especially for people at risk of B vitamin deficiencies in developed countries. Moreover, the biodegradation of biofuel waste by Y. lipolytica is desired for environmental protection.
- ItemRole of Phytoestrogen-Rich Bioactive Substances (Linum usitatissimum L., Glycine max L., Trifolium pratense L.) in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis(MDPI, 2022) Jach, Monika Elżbieta; Błaszczuk, Agata; Baranska, Agnieszka; Kanadys, Wiesław; Malm, Maria; Religioni, Urszula; Wróbel, Rafał; Herda, Jolanta; Polz-Dacewicz, MałgorzataThe aim of this report was to determine the impact of flaxseed, soy and red clover, and their bioactive substances on the lipid profile in postmenopausal women in cardiovascular diseases prevention. We used the following databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Meta-analysis indicates that the intake of flaxseed by postmenopausal women is associated with a statistically significant reduction in total cholesterol (TC) levels (weighted-mean difference (WMD) = −0.26; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): −0.38 to −0.13; p = 0.0001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (WMD = −0.19; 95% CI: −0.30 to −0.08; p = 0.0006), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels (WMD = −0.06; 95% CI: −0.11 to −0.01; p = 0.0150). The effect of soy protein on the lipid profile showed a significant decrease in TC levels: WMD = −0.15; 95% CI: −0.25–0.05; p = 0.0048, LDL-C levels: WMD = −0.15; 95% CI: −0.25–0.05; p = 0.0067, as well as a significant increase in HDL-C levels: WMD = 0.05; 95% CI: 0.02–0.08; p = 0.0034. Changes in the lipid profile showed a significant reduction in TC levels after the use of red clover (WMD = −0.11; 95% CI: −0.18–−0.04; p = 0.0017) and a significant increase in HDL-C levels (WMD = 0.04; 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.07; p = 0.0165). This meta-analysis provides evidence that consuming flaxseed, soy and red clover can have a beneficial effect on lipids in postmenopausal women and suggest a favorable effect in preventing cardiovascular diseases.